Coffee beans come in four different categories. If you enjoy coffee, you probably noticed different kinds of coffee beans in your neighborhood supermarket. You may have questioned about the numerous specific types of coffee beans. It would help if you had not feared, though, cause I have come up with all possible responses. Please keep reading to figure it out! Believe me if I mention that it is always a good idea to know what you consume very well.
Although there are several coffee bean varieties, only four major categories are present. These are the coffee beans that are most frequently utilized worldwide. These include Arabica, Robusta, Liberica , and Excelsa. Arabica and Robusta are also the two varieties that are commonly used.
WHAT IS A COFFEE BEAN?
As a devoted coffee user, you should know it because it is an essential query. In a coffee plant, the seed of a fruit produces the coffee bean. Contrary to the cherry we often eat, the coffee fruit is more commonly called coffee cherry. The coffee fruit, or coffee cherries, are not eatable. Somewhat, the cherry’s seed is removed, and the interior is roasted. Additional uses for it include the production of various coffee bean varieties.
TYPES OF COFFEE BEANS: CHARACTERS
It is known that coffee beans come in many types. We will discuss the four types of coffee beans’ flavors, tastes, and other qualities.
Because the flavor characteristics of every coffee bean vary greatly, finding out the factors that render the coffee beans so unique from one another renders it a better experience.
ARABICA (COFFEA ARABICA)
A remarkable, well-known category of coffee beans is arabica. It consumes just over 70 percent of the coffee beans produced worldwide. The Arabica bean originates from heightened regions above sea level, where it came from countless centuries ago. The area that comprises the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is where these plants have been cultivated. Arabica beans are extremely delicate by nature and need both elevation and rain to thrive.
The primary disadvantage of choosing Arabica beans is that they may be fragile and difficult to produce. The plants also remain highly vulnerable to contracting illnesses. That explains why things are a little on the pricier side. Additionally, they lose their unique flavor when blended using milk or creamer. In contrast, they taste sweeter and a little fewer acids. Arabica beans produce coffee with a silky, cream consistency. Their primary purpose is to make hot pour-over coffee.
ROBUSTA (COFFEA CANEPHORA)
The Robusta bean arises at number 2 on the most popular list. Second-most-popular beans are Robusta employed to make products worldwide. As the name implies, these have a bitter, harsh taste and a lot of caffeine.
Growing Robusta beans requires ideal conditions. However, they have a greater degree of adaptability than Arabica beans. They are also well-resistant to contracting illnesses. Because of this, Robusta beans are primarily farmed in Africa and Indonesia in enormous amounts.
The flavor of the Robusta beans appears richer and burned, exhibiting low acidity. However, many individuals don’t particularly enjoy the flavor characteristic of Robusta beans. If, on the other hand, you’re a true coffee connoisseur, you must try. Along with Arabica beans, they are frequently present. Thanks to the combination of these two beans, you have a cost-effective choice, which levels up the flavor characteristic. Sure, Robusta beans have a flavor characteristic that is slightly rum- or chocolate-flavored.
LIBERICA (LIBERICA COFFEE)
The late 19th-century “coffee rust” pathogen wiped out Arabica crop yields. Because individuals continue to require coffee to maintain their lives, everybody would instead search for possibilities. The Philippines was where the first-ever crop of Liberia beans took place.
Liberica coffee beans are extraordinarily uncommon and well-known for having a flowery, robust flavor characteristic with a touch of smoky. Liberica coffee beans are no longer utilized by themselves in modern times. Mix it with various coffee types to increase or equalize the flavor.
EXCELSA (COFFEA EXCELSA OR COFFEA LIBERICA VAR. DEWEVREI)
The 4th and most utilized coffee bean overall is known as Excelsa. It belongs to the Liberica genus. They are produced across Southeast Asia and possess a flavor all their own.
Excelsa coffee beans have an incredibly distinctive flavor profile, combining a sour note and fruity flavors. They frequently make distinct types of ordinary & intense coffee. They have become quite well-liked due to their taste, although it is unlikely that you will locate them anywhere except Asia.
WHAT COFFEE BEAN SHOULD I BUY?
Currently, you are aware of the numerous varieties of coffee beans. It is easy to locate the coffee bean whose flavor profile best suits your personality. Suppose you are okay with investing a dollar and want the purest cup of coffee possible. The ideal beans for your consumption are Arabica beans, but only if you want a lot of caffeine to keep you going for an entire day. Therefore, a Robusta and Arabica combo would be more appropriate for you.
Additionally, I advise trying Liberica or Excelsa coffee beans if you want a unique and exotic caffeine-drinking pleasure. Because these are so difficult to track down, you may be required to look for them. Whatever coffee bean you choose for your own needs, in the end, it all matters. Do not forget to ground your coffee beans before making for the best flavor. The coffee’s vibrant flavor and creamy quality make the time-consuming grinding process valuable. The final decision depends entirely on you because you can determine which coffee varieties are best for you.